Remember: I will evaluate your participation on whether: 1) You answered all the questions; 2) Your answers and comments reference (or use) and correctly apply the theories, concepts or ideas from the required readings, lectures and related media (if there are any).
Answer the following questions after you have read the required articles and viewed the required lectures and related media (if there are any):
“For most diseases, vaccination rates must remain very high–up to 95% in some cases–to establish what’s known as herd immunity, the protection provided by an entire community to the handful of people who can’t be vaccinated because of a demonstrable medical condition. In the U.S. at large, the numbers are pretty good, with close to 95% of incoming kindergartners in compliance with vaccine guidelines, according to a 2012–13 survey from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
But that figure conceals a lot of holes. Louisiana has an impressive 96.6% rate for the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine and a 98.3% rate for diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis. Mississippi leads the nation with a near perfect 99.9% for both. California, meanwhile, clocks in at just 92.7% and 92.5%, and Colorado rolls in last at a woeful 85.7% and 82.9%. In New York City, vaccination rates in public schools top 98%. But a recent survey of 245 of the city’s private schools revealed that half of them are below 90%, and 37 of them are below 70%. Nine schools fall in a range from 41% down to 18.4%.
The recent outbreaks of measles in New York City and Orange County, California; whooping cough throughout the entire state of California; and mumps in the communities around Ohio State University in Columbus have brought to fore the issue of differing vaccination rates across the states. These outbreaks has also brought attention to the anti-vaccination movement.
The anti-vaccination movement is more prominent in blue states. Its adherents are primarily well-educated and comparatively affluent people who consider themselves well informed. One of them is Julie Snoeberger. Julie doesn’t care what you want to call her–and there are few names you could come up with that she hasn’t heard before. ‘I’ve been called a crackpot and a baby killer,’ she says.
Snoeberger began steeling herself against this kind of criticism more than 15 years ago, when her baby son began getting his first rounds of vaccines. After his 12-month shots, he developed chronic ear infections. At 18 months, she says, the MMR vaccine transformed him within 48 hours from a happy, verbal child to one who was violent, antisocial and had ‘lost all his words.’
The arguments that have been central to the antivaccine movement for decades are familiar: The shots are overused and teeming with toxins. They cause autism, bipolar disorder, ADHD, allergies and more. They are profit centers for greedy doctors and Big Pharma, and everybody’s keeping the dangers quiet. ‘The conspiracy theories come up a lot,’ says Joan Bowe, director of personal health for the Delaware County General Health District in Ohio, which was hit by the mumps epidemic earlier this year. ‘They usually involve the government wanting the vaccines out there.’
None of that is true, but that doesn’t mean the rumormongers are ill-intentioned. ‘These are good families trying to make the best call they think they can for their kids,’ says Paul Craft, the superintendent of schools in Delaware County.”
At least 3 quotes from the 4 reading that I provide. no quote out of these three. all the answers should come from the reading and cite it pls.
Please read through all of it, I have 30 more similar works to you if I got a good grade on this.
thank you so much
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