I’m trying to study for my Political Science course and I need some help to understand this question.
1. Compare the Mexico Drug Trafficking Organizations with each other and the individual culture.
2. Describe Mexico’s response to these Narco-terrorist organizations.
The two primary Mexican Drug Trafficking Organizations operate
separately, have different hierarchies and their operations vary,
however, they all have the same goal, to make money. Based on our
readings and our videos this week I will discuss the organizations which
were discussed. The two most active Cartels are the Sinaloa Cartel and
Jalisco New Generation Cartel. As SAC Murphy stated, Sinaloa and Jalisco
are only the two true Cartels left, the others are mere “nuisances”.
According to SAC Murphy, both Cartels are fighting for distribution to
the United States.
Sinaloa Cartel: Formerly headed by Joaquín “El
Chapo” Guzmán, this Cartel is known for its violence and ability to make
money. Sinaloa Cartel operates similarly to any legitimate business,
they are experts in importing and exporting Columbian cocaine,
cultivation and distribution of marijuana and utilizing imports of
heroin from SE Asia, they also have started to manufacture their own
fentanyl to pass off as opioids. The Sinaloa Cartel is a billion-dollar
enterprise with a reach extending all over the world. They are an
extremely violent organization who kills without hesitation and often
utilizes extortion and fear tactics to control the local populous.
Heroin and fentanyl are the major cash crop for the Sinaloa Cartel now,
although they still traffic in marijuana and cocaine.
Jalisco New Generation Cartel: Is a relativity new
Cartel that operates with a “friendly” demeanor to the local
populations. They are extremely violent and utilize military style
tactics, but they try and reassure the general population that they are
not there to kidnap, rape or kill civilians and they are there to
protect them. This tactic is used to gain trust and build their
stronghold in various Mexican cities/states. Many locals prefer them to
the local gangs that terrorize their towns, the CJNG is in a constant
war with these smaller gangs. The Jalisco also uses social media and
newer age techniques to reach populations. The Cartel’s main rival is
the Sinaloa Cartel. Jalisco has killed in resort towns such as Playa del
Carmen, which is bad for business for the Mexican Government. They are
not as well organized as the Sinaloa Cartel and are more reckless.
Other Cartels that have a small presence in Mexico and or have mostly
been dismantled are Tijuana Cartel, Beltrán Leyva Cartel, Juárez
Cartel, Los Zetas and Gulf Cartel.
Mexico’s President, Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO) created a
National Guard to help combat the drug war and quell the extreme
violence caused by the drug war. The National Guard, unlike the National
Guard in the United States is not tied to the Military, it is made up
of Federal Police and MPs. According to one source “In AMLO’s view,
the police were incompetent and corrupt, while the military was
heavy-handed and violent. The National Guard was designed to bridge the
gap between the two” (justiceinmexico.com). Civilians in Mexico
worry that corruption will penetrate the National Guard and that it will
become like the local and Federal police, both of which have large
amounts of corruption in their ranks. A major shock to the DEA and
United States came when the Mexican Legislation passed a bill to strip
the DEA and other federal agencies working in Mexico of their immunity.
“…at AMLO’s urging, passed a law in December stripping DEA agents of
diplomatic immunity and requiring that all evidence obtained by
American agents in Mexico be turned over to the Mexican government. If
followed, the new law would all but shut down DEA operations in Mexico”
(MSN.com). This is a major blow after decades of meaningful
collaboration and partnership with the DEA and Mexican government. If
this is sustained this would be a major blow to U.S. operations within
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