Hello , i have some work to do, everything is explained below . make sure to watch the videos , and there is questions to be done as well .
After watching the videos for this week and reading chapter two from our text, please answer the following questions: As you can best describe, what did Aristotle mean by “eudaimonia”? Is eudaimonia the same thing that people mean today when they refer to “happiness”? Why or why not? Please use at least one specific example to make your case! (Initial posts should be at least five sentences in length .
Week #2: Aristotle
This week we will take a look at an approach to ethical thinking known as “virtue ethics.” Virtue ethicists believe that, rather than focusing on the “rules” for right action, more of an emphasis should be placed on developing a good character. For Virtue Ethics, the central question is not “What should I do?” but rather, “What should I be?”
As is still common practice, we will begin our discussion of virtue ethics by examining the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 BCE). Aristotle, along with Socrates and Plato, could be considered one of the “founding fathers” of virtue ethics – and who (among these three philosophers) gives us its most elaborate expression.
In summary, Aristotle thought of “virtues” as those character traits that allowed us to flourish as individuals and as a society –and he argues that the highest good for man is a state of being he referred to as “eudaimonia.”
Very often virtue ethicists tend to believe that too much emphasis is placed on debating controversial issues such as abortion and capital punishment. They will note that issues such as these are not what most people encounter on a day to day basis. While there are unwanted pregnancies, and you may occasionally be asked to vote on a referendum regarding capital punishment, these are not the types of questions that most people have to address day after day. However, all of us are sons and daughters. Most of us will become parents ourselves. Some of us become nurses, business owners, teachers, etc. The virtue ethicist will ask: “What are the characteristics of a “good” son or daughter? How does a “good” parent act? Basically: What would a good (or virtuous) person do in any given situation? This is a question that the ethically reflective person is concerned with at all times.
Another motivating factor behind Virtue Ethics is the idea that – given the complexity of human life – it would be nearly impossible to formulate a set of rules that could address every possible situation. This seems to be what other ethical theories try to do. However, Virtue Ethics says that we’re better off focusing on character: This way we can be assured that regardless of what life throws at us, our *character* – who we *are* – will move us in the right direction!
Reading Review #2 The reading for this week will be pages 21-33 from GT.
1. In Section 3 Aristotle states that “Our discussion will be adequate if it has as much clearness as the subject matter admits of, for precision is not to be sought for alike in all discussions, any more than in all the products of the crafts.” What does he mean by this?
2. *Why* does Aristotle think that “happiness” is the highest good? (Keep in mind that we are using “happiness” in a different sense than how this word is typically used today.) What are the “criteria” that *lead* Aristotle to the conclusion that “happiness” (i.e. “eudaimonia”) is the highest good? (See Section 5)
3. How does Aristotle argue for the idea that man must have a function? What does he conclude this function to be? (See Section 6)
4. Aristotle identified *two* types of virtue, what are they? How are they distinct and how do we go about acquiring each? (See Section 8)
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