I’m trying to learn for my Psychology class and I’m stuck. Can you help?
Peer 1 Olivia (RESPONSE DUE IN 16 HOURS) 150 WORDS PER EACH PEER RESPONSE
An Evidence Based Prevention Program (EBPP) in relevance to a mental health and wellness program is the integration of the best available research with clinical expertise in the context of patient characteristic, culture, and preferences. The purpose of EBPP, especially when talking about mental health, is to promote effective psychological practice and enhance public health by applying supported principles of psychological assessment and intervention (Raczynski et al., 2013).
Depending on the selected EBPP, there are many different types of benefits. Some examples of benefits that come from EBPP are reduction of human suffering, improvement in parent-child relationship, improved academic outcomes, greater school attendance, fewer discipline incidents, higher grades, and reduced cost to juvenile court system. The effectiveness of programs can also be affected by the cost effectiveness of the program as well. The cost effectiveness of the program is concerned with the benefits of the program relative to its cost (Raczynski et al., 2013).
Peer #2 Clea (RESPONSE DUE IN 24 HOURS)
Being in education, evidence-based programs are definitely the buzz right now, and I think for justified reasoning. Evidence based prevention programs (EBPP) allows the counselor, teacher, trained professional, etc. to really administer quality assistance to the individual. In the past we have tried a one-size fits all approach which doesn’t work and is usually not culturally appropriate or inclusive. With EBPP you are able to make sure the program matches not only the issue but the client as well. For example, I might have an amazing program that works great for my students struggling with the loss of a loved one and are therefore feeling depressed, I would not use that same program to administer assistance to a student who is feeling depressed because they live in a harsh environment. Yes, they are both struggling with depression, but the root cause is different.
“Evidence-based protocols have not always been tested with youth of diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds, raising questions about their cultural appropriateness.” (DHHS, 2001). However, I think this is something that will change for the better. To really have an effective program we need as many different perspectives as possible to give the best support and healing.
I did find it interesting that some EBPP practices have resulted in negative outcomes, like DARE and the “scared straight” programs. I think this just reaffirms that a one size all approach, especially when it comes to drugs or crime doesn’t necessarily work. For someone living in extreme poverty or who has grown up around the use of drugs they might see the selling of drugs or crime as their only way to pay the bills or to make money, so a different perspective/program would be best for them. Taking the time to get to know the individual, where they come from, what their hopes and dreams/fears and failures are is what will help to understand a person and what will speak to them.
Jenicek, M. (1997). Epidemiology, evidence-based medicine, and evidence-based public health. Journal of Epidemiology, 7, 187-197. Retrieved from: https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jea1991/7/4/7…
Raczynski, K., Waldo, M., Schwartz, J. P., & Horne, A. M. (2013). Evidence-based prevention. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.
Schaeffer, C. M., Bruns, E., Weist, M., Stephan, S. H., Goldstein, J., & Simpson, Y. (2005). Overcoming Challenges to Using Evidence-Based Interventions in Schools. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(1), 15.
Peer #3 Laura (RESPONSE DUE IN 36 HOURS)
An evidence-based prevention program (EBPP) implements the best research and data available in the process of planning and applying prevention care efforts for mental health and wellness. This often includes implementing evidence-based, public health initiatives and community programs in place to screen, prevent, intervene, and treat mental illness to promote optimal wellness (Suicide Prevention Resource Center, 2021). There are several benefits to using EBPP. One benefit is that it can reduce the damage that mental illness can have on individuals, families, and relationships (Conyne et al., 2013). Mental health disorders adversely affect an individual’s ability to perform normal functions in life. These include fulfilling the individual’s role as a parent, spouse, and friend. Not only does the level of impairment affect normal activities of daily living, but the World Health Organization (WHO) noted that untreated, mental illness can reduce educational and work-related opportunities (Conyne et al., 2013). This can further the tremendous strain on the individual and relationships with those around them. Additionally, the financial cost to communities and societies is profound. Mental illness overwhelms large networks of service providers like hospitals, criminal justice systems, educational systems, and child welfare (Conyne et al., 2013). EBPP efforts can help reduce these negative outcomes. It can do so by implementing data-driven programs to effectively intervene and apply preventive initiatives (Conyne et al., 2013). Further, research demonstrates that EBPP can improve cost-effectiveness through preventive programs. EBPP can help avoid the adverse outcomes that untreated, mental illness can have, introduce the best-practice, prevention programs, and provide cost-saving treatment that benefits and improve the society. Prevention is a fundamental part of success. As such, evidence-based, data-driven resources and programs help providers improve long-term outcomes (Conyne et al., 2013).
Conyne, R.K., Horne, A.M., J. M., Raczynski, K.. (2013). Prevention in Psychology; An Introduction to the Prevention Practice Kit. SAGE Publications, Inc. https://viewer.gcu.edu/9cru7y
Suicide Prevention Resource Center. (2021). Evidence-based prevention. https://www.sprc.org/keys-success/evidence-based-p…
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