Learning Socialization & Crime and Criminal Behaviour Discussion – Assignment Help

I’m working on a Political Science exercise and need support.

Carefully read Chapter 5 of the Schmalleger text. Then answer the questions below.

  1. According to your text, recent research shows that the ability to tell right from wrong is something that humans are born with, that the human brain is hardwired to make moral distinctions and that the same distinctions seem to be made across cultures. This view tends to be supported by the work of Freud who proffered that each of us carries within our “id” the prerequisite for criminal behavior.

In contrast, Trait Theory argues that an individual’s personality combined with his/her intelligence and natural abilities is what determines an individual’s behavior in a given situation.

Moreover, Behavior Theory argues that crime can be explained as the result of inappropriate behavioral conditioning and that the major determinants of behavior exist in the environment surrounding the individual rather than actually being within the individual.

Question Set 1: After reading Chapter 5 of the Schmalleger text, with which of the theories/views summarized above do you think “best” explains criminal behavior? In essence, does the motivation to commit crime stem from 1) an inborn/instinctual drive that exists within some/all of us; or 2) is it a combination of personality combined with intelligence and natural abilities; or 3) does the motivation to commit crime stem from pressures in our environment or 4) is it a product of learning and socialization? Provide rationale and evidence for your choice.

In the Schmalleger text, Samenow argues that, if certain forms of criminal behavior were legalized, they would lose their excitement-causing people committed to a life of law violations to desist from them.

Question Set 2: What is your view of Samenow’s position? Do you think some people primarily commit crime because it fulfills a need for excitement? Do you agree with Samenow that, if you made some crimes legal, it would take the excitement out of committing the offense causing a large number of offenders to refrain from engaging in such offenses? Provide an example to support your view along with logical rationale and evidence.

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