Need help with my Psychology question – I’m studying for my class.
DISCUSSION ONE: Contribute to the conversation by asking questions, respectfully debating positions, or presenting supporting information.
Contemplative and Positive Psychotherapies are similar in some regards. Both take in account the effects of Mindfullness but also cognitive distortions. The positive psychotherapist will use cognitive distortions or behaviors to understand the outcome of an individual to gear them more towards overcoming and succeeding. Where as in Contemplative therapy they use mindfullness and the inner mechanisms of the psyche to explain and elevate the behaviors that a person can contribute on a day to day basis. They can face cognitive distortions and the therapist can help alter the change of that situation or approach in a mindful way without changing their wording or mechanisms to alienate the client into seeing things differently. For positive therapy they use mindfullness as a way to peer at the negative influence that a memory has and not react to the negative emotion.
What sets these therapies apart is the different approaches the therapist must take in order to successfully function. A therapist who studies a part of contemplative therapy will assign different parts of the emotional processed mind and the characters of these minds to an individual. To help them manage with the memories or the photogenic recall of the negative event to bring relief and elevation. It takes calm, practical speech and understanding where as the positive therapy focuses on changing the negative situations a person approaches into a positive outlook or expression. an Example would be the “65% rule, where theres a 65 percent chance of treating depression using one of three medications” (Wedding 2019).
My view on both of these therapies is somewhat different from the original orientation of the question. I have been on both sides where I study and research the information and have an understanding of what Positive therapy is and how they assign positive writing and homework to get you to write positive traits about yourself and to keep you mentally positive which can retrain the brain into thinking more positively. I have also studied mindfullness an the yoga/meditation state of mind during therapy where its all relaxed and we enter the thought process of what’s going on in the individual.
I have been on the other side of the table where I personally experienced these therapies. I believe that mindfullness was more effective in treating my anxieties than my depression. I take the mediation and thought provoking sense of meditating or closing my eyes and calming my mind to see the real objective feeling I have and that helps. I found Positive Therapy helped with my depression and that it provided a change in mindsets where I was forcing myself to write positive things about myself and reflect on those things regularly to help relieve some of my depression.
If I had to say which one was most useful, I’d personally say that they’re both about the same in terms of which ones I prefer over another. I like the meditative calm state of mind and relaxation and I love taking the time to write and study positive attributes about myself when I am feeling depressed. My therapies often change due to my state of mind and where I am going.
I would incorporate these practices through mindful meditation based relief and assigning the parts of the emotion a part. This would then give a brief window into the persons psyche allowing me to alter and explain or change the perception of oneself due to this part.
I would use Positive therapy in the case of a person suffering with severe depression and different means of cognitive therapy were not working. I would work with writing and positive atmospheres and addressing issues and changing them to a positive.
DISCUSSION TWO:Contribute to the conversation by asking questions, respectfully debating positions, or presenting supporting information.
Rethinking Happiness was about applying positive psychotherapy in a context that used mindfulness and active forms of contriving things that held a positive value towards a person. They use it to shape someone into thinking more positively. They distinction between mindfulness and cognitive therapies is that the cognitive therapy is to dig for an emotional problem and challenge the perception of it. This form of positive therapy uses mindfulness to bring a problem up but not bring too much challenge or difficulty out. It allows for the person to process the issue without fully acknowledging that the issue was as relevant as ones own fore thought. These therapeutic strategies are highly motivating in regard to the focusing on the positive and asking Why? Why are you happy about that event? What about specific Detail does that mean? How does that feel? Etc. These major points of staying positive, being mindful, expressing positivity through oral and written presentation.
This therapeutic style can be used to bring up memories or events that occurred that a person doesn’t really feel well about and helping them acknowledge, understand, and accept that what has happened happened and to find a positive light from it. This phase of the therapy can be taxing so the therapist has to be calmed and relaxed and through mindfulness and addressing the issue can we unwind it and make it easier to digest for the client.
The point is to address the situation and the client in an uplifting and secure manner and transition them to a point of positivity. Where they have resolved the issues with the people, the stress, or the trauma. This turns a therapeutic session into a session of calmed relaxed demeanor into a session based on uplifting and high spirits. So there is a lot of positive things that can be written and talked about that a client finds uplifting and positive.
I can imagine that there are multiple different atmospheres a therapist must have in order to fully be successful in this form of therapy.
being an active listener, being calm and mindful, being aware Of the body language.
into engaged, active, more positive uplifting. celebrating accomplishments even.
We all look at happiness in different ways. Some feel happiness easier than others. Some feel like they won’t ever feel it at all. I would best describe happiness as… a chemical release that occurs in the brain due to a stimuli. This stimuli can be anything from a person to an accomplishment that releases serotonin causing a moment in time when one feels worthy.
My experience with positive therapy wasn’t as eventful. I was stuck in phase 1 and 2 for the prolong period of this therapy. Where I would address the issue and try to find resolve in it. I never could get to stage 3 because I was unable to feel happy. I never felt positive no matter how hard I tried. My therapist gave up on this approach after week 10. We moved onto more cognitive therapies and tried to implement more positive characteristics in the therapy.
DISCUSSION THRE: Was their application of the diathesis-stress model valid? Explain your position.
1. Choose one disorder covered in the readings for this unit, and apply the diathesis-stress model to understanding it.
Somatic Symptom Disorder is more frequent in individuals with few years of education and low socioeconomic status (unemployed). It is also present in those that may have recently experienced stressful life events (APA, 2013). Predominant pain or chronic pain can have detrimental consequences including psychological distress, job loss, social isolation, and increased anxiety and depression.
2. Choose two possible categories of substance abuse from the DSM and compare and contrast the interactive impact these substance abuse disorders would likely have on the disorder you are writing about.
Opioid Related Disorders- If a person was taking opioids and was withdrawing, they would experience a lot of somatic complaints. Some of these symptoms could include nausea and vomiting, muscle aches, sweating, diarrhea, yawning, fever, and insomnia (APA, 2013). Since opioid drugs are primarily used to manage pain, they have an appeal to anyone who is experiencing physical discomfort, including people with somatic disorders. Somatic disorders tend to be chronic conditions and people with this diagnosis frequently progress to dependence of opioids. Opioid dependence typically leads to heightened sensitivity to pain. This is due to the way long-term opioid use trains the brain to produce fewer endogenous opioids. An alteration of the body’s pain management processes is likely to increase somatic anxiety (The Recovery Village, 2020).
Stimulant Related Disorders- Stimulant use activates the sympathetic nervous system in ways that complicate somatic disorders. High doses of stimulant drugs can induce anxiety. The combination of physical and mental symptoms can heighten fears about the sudden onset of illness in people with somatic disorders (The Recovery Village, 2020). A person who is withdrawing from stimulants experience somatic complaints such as fatigue and pain (APA, 2013).
3. Choose two different ethnic or cultural groups in the United States. Compare and contrast the impact of this diagnosis on members of these two groups.
African Americans have somatic complaints that are a natural outgrowth of a man’s effort to cope with sociocultural stressors. They express distress in terms of a somatic idiom, such as physical complaints serve as metaphors for psychosocial situations. Somatic complaints were prominent among African American help-seekers. The most common internalizing symptom was somatization (Scott & McCoy, 2018). Somatic manifestation is common in the Asian culture. This could be explained by an overt emphasis on somatic idioms of distress and unacceptability and stigma attached to psychological expression of distress (Grover & Ghosh, 2014). The relationship between the number of somatic symptoms and illness worry is similar in different cultures. Somatic complaints can be associated with other mental disorders in these ethnic groups such as depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, panic disorder, etc. (APA, 2013).
DISCUSSION FOUR: Comment and raise heuristic questions on the issues that were raised.
Somatic Symptom Disorder is when someone “typically have multiple, current, somatic symptoms that are distressing or result in significant disruption of daily life, although sometimes only one severe symptom, most commonly pain, is present” (APA, 2013). Some issues in the diagnosis of this disorder include the lack of screening prior to diagnosis and coordinated care across multiple professionals who are working with the client with this disorder. A study “identified interdisciplinary collaboration and diagnostic screening as most relevant facilitating factors” in helping those with SSD or related disorders (Shedden-Mora, 2020). When working together with other professionals, you can provide the best care for the person dealing with the disorder they are trying to understand and live with. There still needed to be improvement in “structures facilitating diagnosis, inter-professional collaboration and referral, availability of mental health care, inclusion of comorbidities, and adequate reimbursement” (Shedden-Mora, 2020). This study presented these ideas as other driving factors that were realized after this study was done.
Cultural influences that can significantly impact the diagnosis of this disorder can include illness worry which causes greater treatment seeking from clients. This illness worry can actually cause more distress and can make people believe they have symptoms because they worry about having or showing symptoms. Without the use of screening beforehand and collaboration of medical professionals, many people may have experienced this disorder without knowing what is happening because they believe their symptoms are real. Studies have been done to discuss the differences in race with somatic symptoms and explained that “Asian respondents reported significantly fewer GPS than non-Latino Whites, and both Asian and Latino respondents endorsed significantly fewer MUPS than non-Latino Whites” (Evangelidou, 2020). In comparison to the DSM-5, this study helps explain that across cultures, seeking medical treatment and racial/ethnic backgrounds play a factor when relating to medical diagnoses. This worry or even anxiety of illness can change the Somatic Symptom Disorder (F45.1) diagnosis to Illness Anxiety disorder (F45.21). This excessive worry about becoming sick or showing symptoms can cause a person to experience IAD or even a general anxiety disorder at the same time as the Somatic Symptom disorder. Somatic Symptom disorder can also be comorbid with depressive disorders that can change the I-10 code as well and present with multiple diagnoses rather than one primary diagnosis.
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