I’m trying to learn for my Social Science class and I’m stuck. Can you help?
Please respond to shannon with 300 words
Topic 1- Reflection
The knowledge I have gained form chapter four was how to use a checklist as a observation tool and a better understanding of our frame of reference and how we have to be mindful of personal factors that may affect our observations such as health, stress or outside pressures. I learned a more in depth difference between growth and development. Also, I learned the importance of stimulating physical development and how other areas of development are all interrelated. I liked how there were many examples in the chapter such as examples of checklists and the “It Happened to Me” sections that told real stories of mindfulness and encouraging physical development. I really like to see examples because it helps me to visualize what I am learning and reading. Five concepts I learned in this chapter are as follows.
1. When using a checklist it’s helpful to have the list arranged in the order that development occurs. “In this way, a checklist helps plan intentional teaching in planning experiences to practice the next stage” (Nilsen, 2017, p.77). I will use this method by making my checklist’s in developmental sequence, such as:
_Child sits unassisted.
_Child pulls to standing position.
2. Being mindful of cultural values or biases that may influence how I interpret a child’s behavior. According to the textbook, “Individual bias and prejudice are human factors that may interfere with a clear view of the child” (Nilsen, 2017, p.89). I will be aware of this by being mindful of my frame of reference. I will select objective observation methods and will communicate my observations with my coworkers and parents to help minimize biases.
3. How to find the time to use a checklist. According to the textbook, “Checklists are not time consuming if you select only a portion of the checklist and observe all the children for the chosen developmental area” (Nilsen, 2017, p.87). I will use this method to focus my attention on one type of behavior. I will also try to incorporate technology to help with the process such as loading the information to a tablet that can later be downloaded.
4. I learned how watching children during play gives us information on contributing factors for physical development. I will use this method by observing physical development during playtime. During this play I will make sure to prepare a safe environment for children. According to the textbook, “In the physical environment, the adult ensures safety, provides opportunities, and gives support” (Nilsen, 2017, p.104). I will create a safe indoor play space as well as a safe outdoor space to encourage physical development with nature and sensory learning.
5. Observing the physical development of infants and toddlers. I learned how observations can be made while infants and toddlers are exploring their environment freely. According to the textbook, “Once the infant has coordinated small muscle skills, observe and record how they handle toys, food, and art materials as they are introduced and used” (Nilsen, 2017, p.107). I will use this method by using recording methods that preserve details of play and milestones in physical development that are reached.
Topic 2- Create a Checklist
Social development checklist 4-8 months:
_____ Purposefully engages in reciprocal interactions and tries to influence the behavior of others.
_____ May be both interested in and cautious of unfamiliar adults.
_____ Shows interest in familiar and unfamiliar peers by staring at another child, exploring another child’s face and body, or responding to siblings and older peers.
_____ Shows interest in familiar and unfamiliar children.
_____ Demonstrates awareness of others feelings by reacting to their emotional expressions.
_____ Knows what to expect from familiar people.
_____ Understands what to do to get another’s attention.
_____ Engages in back-and-forth interactions with others.
_____ Imitates the simple actions or facial expressions of others
Nilsen, B. (2017). Week by Week: Plans for Documenting Children’s Development (7th edition). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth-Cengage Learning. ISBN: 978-1-305-501000-3
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